On October 7, 1873, Brookline Massachusetts was the first US town in history to decline annexation when locals chose not to be annexed by Boston. Brookline was originally known as Muddy River when in 1686 a group of farmers near Boston disconnected themselves and became a self-governing settlement. In 1705, this community became incorporated into the town of Brookline. This unique rural community of farmers was quickly transformed into a fast growing residential area for the affluent members of society from Boston in the early years of the nineteenth century. Executives with prestigious positions or the highly educated with offices in Boston purchased property from farmers who decided to sell their farms and leave the area. Brookline has retained its rural atmosphere and independence throughout the growing process. Brookline has a several shopping centers offering a diverse selection of stores, eateries and unique shops. Brookline hosts three local synagogues as well as several stores and restaurants with a Jewish ambiance. The historical Edward Devotion House is one of the oldest imposing buildings in Brookline with some sections dating back to the 1680s?. This building headquarters the Brookline Historical Society. While in Brookline, be sure and visit the Country Club the first private club created in the United States solely for outdoor functions. Their golf club is one of the five clubs making up the United States Golf Association. The Emerald Necklace park system connects Brookline to Boston. This system of parks and is used by residents of both cities. Another park of interest is the 64-acre Larz Anderson Park where you can visit the Larz Anderson Auto Museum and see the oldest compilation of automobiles in the nation.